Decent pay and employment Productive, freely chosen employment is one of the main principles of the ILO.
Religious and cultural pluralism (especially in recent times) leads to the destruction and blurring of the notion of the criterion of good and evil (with all people operating on these concepts), which in itself arouses interest in these terms and their proper use.
The latter feature strongly shapes the features of modern business ethics: for most people it becomes obvious, on the one hand, the need for some codification of ethical principles of modern world business, and on the other - the inability to use for this role any , even sufficiently developed religious or cultural platform. that none of these platforms has a "cultural ethical monopoly" at the global level.
Even despite globalization and the growing interest of the world in American business ethics, which has its roots in Protestant (in particular, Puritan) ethics. That is, modern business ethics can not be any moralizing or preaching, which, incidentally, only stimulates the development of true philosophical features due to the need to appeal to "universal rationality" to what in philosophy for centuries was called "human nature" based on there remains a rational beginning and that, in fact, unites all people, regardless of their cultural affiliation.
It should be noted that the combination of ethics and business theory was successful. At present, business ethics is a somewhat independent discipline that uses data from empirical and theoretical research in almost all areas of modern business in order, if not to give business a new meaning, then at least to "expand the consciousness" of business entities.
Such expansion, as it turns out, never goes without consequences - they are best seen in the field of strategic management: managers gain the ability to better adapt their companies to the requirements of the time in the long run. This, in turn, is related to the basic principle of business ethics - in the long run, ethical behavior is beneficial to the company, and unethical - unprofitable. This is due to the formation of the same image, establishing relationships based on trust, care and honesty (which always requires some time and experience).
You just need to rethink the management and marketing of the company in terms of these "human" concepts, which always only leads to an increase in the overall efficiency of the organization, especially - the efficiency of human capital, the formation of sustainable brand confidence and more.
Ethical research in business involves the analysis of specific common types of unethical behavior of individuals and companies in order to demonstrate their adverse effects, especially economic. After all, people always suffer from unethical behavior. For example, it is relatively easy to show the negative consequences of monopoly abuse, discrimination, bribery or theft.
Most often, the final receptor for these negative effects is the consumer, that is, in the end, we all do not enjoy the enjoyment of certain benefits, which only becomes a symptom of an inefficient economy. That is, there is a close connection between efficiency and ethics, which was noticed by Adam Smith. But this is a topic of separate conversation.
1. Fritzsche David J. Business Ethics. Global and managerial perspective. - M .: "Olympus Business" 2002.
International Labor Organization: goals, norms, purpose. Abstract
Strategic goals. How the ILO works. International labor standards. Technical cooperation. Decent pay and employment. International Training Center. ILO in Ukraine
Established in 1919 at the Paris Peace Conference. The purpose of the ILO is to promote social justice, improve working conditions and living standards of workers, increase productivity. The International Labor Organization plays an important role in promoting the productivity movement in the world, especially in strengthening its organizational mechanism and developing local capacity to increase productivity within the enterprise and public services, as well as in exchanging experiences between different national and industry productivity organizations ...
In its activities, the International Labor Organization is guided by four strategic goals:promotion and implementation of basic principles and rights in the field of labor; creating greater opportunities for women and men in obtaining quality employment and income; expanding the coverage and effectiveness of social protection for all; strengthening tripartism and social dialogue.
If we briefly describe the activities of this organization, we can identify the following main areas:development of international policies and programs to promote fundamental human rights, improve working and living conditions, and expand employment opportunities; creation of international labor standards, supported by a unique system of control over their implementation; these rules serve as a guide for national authorities to implement such a policy (this issue will be discussed in detail below); implementation of the program of international technical cooperation, which is developed and implemented in active partnership with the members of the Organization, including assistance to countries in its effective implementation; issues of training and education, research and publishing to support these efforts.
The International Labor Organization is built on the statutory principle. The ILO has initiated such achievements of the industrial community as the 8-hour working day, employment policy, maternity protection, child labor laws and other norms that promote labor protection and peaceful labor relations. No country or industry would be able to implement them without simultaneous action in this direction by others.
The ILO is an international organizational center for analyzing such problems and developing solutions that lead to better working conditions.
How the ILO works
The tripartite structure of the ILO, which involves organizations uniting employers and workers, as well as governments, is unique in the United Nations system.
The International Labor Conference is held annually. It is an international forum where social and labor issues are discussed, minimum international labor standards and the ILO's general policy are developed. Every two years, the Conference adopts the ILO's biennial program of activities and its budget, funded by Member States.
Each Member State shall have the right to send to the Conference four delegates: two from the Government and one each from the Workers and from the Employers, each of whom may speak and vote independently.
The ILO has a unique place among other international organizations, as representatives of both employers and workers - the "social partners" in economic activities - have an equal voice with government representatives in defining their policies and programs.
The ILO also encourages tripartism within member states, promoting "social dialogue" between trade unions and employers in the formulation and, where necessary, implementation of national socio-economic policies and many other areas.
Between conferences, the ILO is governed by a Governing Body, which consists of 28 government representatives, 14 workers 'representatives and 14 employers' representatives.
The International Labor Office in Geneva is the secretariat of the ILO, its operational headquarters, research and publishing center.
Administration and management are decentralized to regional and local offices in more than 40 countries.
The Governing Body and the International Bureau are assisted in their work by tripartite committees covering key industries and by committees of experts on issues such as vocational training, management improvement, occupational health and safety, labor relations, and so on.
Regional conferences of ILO member states are held regularly to discuss issues of particular interest to different regions of the world.
International labor standards
One of the most important functions of the ILO is the adoption by a tripartite International Labor Conference (with the participation of representatives of governments, employers and workers) of conventions and recommendations establishing international labor standards. By ratifying the conventions, the Member States undertake to implement their provisions consistently. The guidelines guide policy, legislation and practice.
Member personal narrative story ideas States shall submit all conventions and recommendations adopted by the Conference to the competent national authorities, which shall decide on the appropriate measures to be taken. The number of ratifications of conventions continues to increase. To ensure their application in law and in practice, the ILO has established a control procedure. It is based on an objective assessment by independent experts of the fulfillment of commitments and on the consideration of individual cases by ILO tripartite bodies.
Training entrepreneurs in small business management, strengthening social security systems, promoting the economic reintegration of former participants in military conflicts, assisting trade unions in improving occupational safety and health, setting up cooperatives in rural areas, and working with governments to review labor legislation that the ILO conducts in approximately 140 countries and territories.
Since the early 50's of XX century. The ILO provides technical cooperation with countries on all continents and at all stages of economic development. Over the past decade, an average of about $ 130 million has been allocated annually. for technical cooperation projects. They are carried out in close coordination between recipient countries, donors and the ILO, which has a network of regional and local offices around the world.
To bring technical cooperation closer to its final recipients, the ILO has established 14 consolidated advisory groups in Africa, Asia, Latin America, Central and Eastern Europe, and the Middle East since 1990: providing technical policy advice and assistance in program design and implementation. development.
Decent pay and employment
Productive, freely chosen employment is one of the main principles of the ILO. The globalization of the economy has brought both prosperity and inequality, it tests our understanding of collective responsibility.